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Posts tagged Socialism

Sartwell, the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence and Actually-Existing Socialism

Crispin Sartwell has a great new article recently at Splice, on “The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence.” Quoth he:

The classical socialism of people like Corbyn and Sanders had been developed, in detail, by the middle of the 19th century. It was designed as a response to the rise of rapacious industrial capitalism, and it specifically proposed to rein in capital by vast expansions of state power, or the annexation of more and more resources, powers, segments of the culture by government.. . . The concrete proposals amount to increased state control of many or even all segments of human life, from cradle to grave.

I think you’re going to need some new ideas, because there’s one breathtaking theoretical and practical problem with classical socialism. It proceeds in massive unawareness of a fundamental principle in political theory and political reality, which I call the principle of hierarchical coincidence (PHC): the idea that, in more or less every case and in the long run, political and economic hierarchies tend to coincide. Economic power leads to political power; political power leads to economic power.

. . . For this reason, and for the most part and in the long run, ever-increasing state power as recommended in socialism will tend to increase rather than ameliorate economic inequality. And though governments do sometimes and to some extent reduce economic inequality, they do so in a situation in which the seemingly intractable political/economic structure is largely produced, held in place, and enforced by these governments themselves. The structure of economic inequality rests to a large extent on political and police power, and certainly couldn’t be maintained without it.

This is the incoherence at the heart of classical socialism: that intensifying political power, at least of a certain kind, will in the long run reduce economic inequality. But if you start nationalizing or socializing various segments of the economy—that is, if you give these powers to the state–you don’t move toward an egalitarian paradise, you simply create a new ascendant class. . . .

–Crispin Sartwell, The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence
SpliceToday, 13 June 2017.

Read the whole thing.

Shared Article from SpliceToday

The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence

There’s one breathtaking theoretical and practical problem with classical socialism.

Crispin Sartwell @ splicetoday.com


What I want to add here some responses to the pat rejoinders that I think are most likely to get thrown out quickly in response to the problem Sartwell raises, but which are really idle as objections to Sartwell’s point.

First, it is entirely idle to point out that state socialism is intended to combat hierarchical coincidence, and if only it could be properly politically implemented, it would tend to reduce inequality more and more and hence more and more make the problem evaporate rather than stabilizing or spiraling out of control. Whatever its theoretical intent, the effect in actually-existing state socialism is entirely different.

If there were some way to implement state socialist programs exactly to the ideological socialist’s specification, without serious political complication, bureaucratic redirection and mission creep, or unintended consequences, then sure, we’d have to hash out whether the total effects of the system tend to reinforce or to weaken the problem of hierarchical coincidence, on net, over short-term and long-term time spans. But there is no such way.[1]

Second, there’s a lesson which many socialists today might take from a point like Sartwell’s, which does represent some progress, but which really goes a lot less far than they might think. In particular, it’s really easy to look at Sartwell’s discussion of the problems posed by increased state economic control, and conclude that the easy solution to the problem is to become an anarchistic socialist, instead of a state socialist. No state, no state power to back up economic power. And of course I’d hardly want to ward anyone off of anarchistic socialism — since that is, after all, what I believe in some forms.

But if you think of the structure of a socialistic anarchy as combating inequality with more or less the same sorts of socialization and collectivization proposed by state socialists — just in the hands of grassroots collectives, administered locally and democratically without state power by the same people who work in them — then I would argue that you have not eliminated the problem of hierarchical coincidence by eliminating the state police power, or by moving from electoral power to social capital as your means of administering the distribution of economic resources. Because, of course, there are such things as hierarchies of social power and prestige, even outside of state structures. Substituting social capital for political power brings some obvious benefits, because political power involves greater institutionalization, more formalized excuses for legitimacy, literally lethal repertoires of force to exert, etc. But the ability to wield social power within collectivized economic institutions, and so to continuously reinforce economic and social power, does not easily disappear even with the removal of the state. It becomes easier to combat; and maybe an easier fight is the best we can realistically hope for. But maybe, on the other hand, the goal should be to make sure that realistic alternatives to existing collective entities, dissent, exit, open competition, and other routes for centrifugal economic and social forces to dynamically express themselves, are firmly incorporated into our economic activities and our socio-economic institutions.

  1. [1]You might say, “but the lack of immaculate conception is a problem for any duty proposing serious changes to the political system — including libertarianism, including market anarchism, including everything.” And you’d be right. It’s a really serious problem for any form of reformist libertarianism, and a major explanation for why it often degrades into standard right-wing business regulation politics. Anarchism doesn’t eliminate the problem; but it ameliorates it, precisely to the extent that the anarchist deliberately breaks from political strategies that open up the largest opportunities for political complication, bureaucratic redirection and mission creep, or unintended consequences. But if solving the problem were easy, revolution would be easy, and it’s no surprise that it isn’t.

Monday Lazy Linking

    <ul>
<li><p><a href="http://www.copblock.org/1504/policebad/">Why All Police Are Bad — for Society. Ademo Freeman, <cite>Cop Block</cite> (2010-12-30)</a>. <q>I’m often questioned about my stance on police which is fine — anyone who knows me is aware that I don’t mind sharing my thoughts. Oftentimes during the conversation I’m accused of being a “cop hater” or told that not all cops are bad. I understand the reasoning most people...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Friday 2011-01-14.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/DownsizeDCorg/~3/-LmP3jphEs0/from-the-downsize-dc-foundation-the-dictator-fallacy">From the Downsize DC Foundation: The Dictator Fallacy. <cite>DownsizeDC.org</cite> (2011-01-13)</a>. <q>The Downsize DC Foundation's website, www.DownsizeDCFoundation.org, continues to grow. Today, we bring you one of those articles, from the Our Lexicon category . . .  &quot;The Dictator Fallacy&quot; by Jim Babka fal·la·cy  -  * a misleading or unsound argument.  * Logic. any of various types of erroneous reasoning that render...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Saturday 2011-01-15.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://sheldonfreeassociation.blogspot.com/2011/01/nothing-natural-about-it.html">Nothing Natural about It. Sheldon Richman, <cite>Free Association</cite> (2011-01-15)</a>. <q>The sharp historical division between labor and capital ownership is not a natural emergent feature of the market economy but largely the conscious result of government privilege.Atom</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://www.modestoanarcho.org/2011/01/two-little-pigs-how-some-cops-get-jail.html">Two Little Pigs: How Some Cops Get Jail While Others Go Free. <cite>Modesto Anarcho</cite> (2011-01-16)</a>. It's not that police "protect their own," exactly. It's that police protect their power. Rape your step daughter or get plastered and drive your car off the road, and you're well behind the blue wall. Do something that disrupts command and control within a prison, and the long knives come out. <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://thingsalongtheway.blogspot.com/2011/01/kiva-lending-team-anarchists-for.html">Kiva Lending Team: Anarchists for Empowerment. tolstoyscat, <cite>things along the way</cite> (2011-01-11)</a>. <q>Join here: Anarchists for EmpowermentKiva's mission is to connect people, through lending, for the sake of alleviating poverty. Kiva empowers individuals to lend to an entrepreneur across the globe. By combining microfinance with the internet, Kiva is creating a global community of people connected through lending.Anarchists for Empowerment: We loan...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://www.theagitator.com/2011/01/16/mistakes-were-made-guns-were-pointed-a-family-was-terrorized-pets-were-threatened/">Mistakes Were Made. Guns Were Pointed. A Family Was Terrorized. Pets Were Threatened. Radley Balko, <cite>Gangsters in Blue</cite> (2011-01-16)</a>. <q>The DEA has apologized for the wrong door raid in the Hudson Valley that I blogged about last week. Sort of. John P. Gilbride, special agent in charge of the Drug Enforcement Administration, issued a statement Friday clearing Spring Valley resident David McKay and his family of anything to do...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://realtech.burningbird.net/web/web-technology/why-read-about-it-when-you-can-play">Why read about it when you can play? Shelley, <cite>MyTech</cite> (2011-01-16)</a>. <q>Earlier today I got into a friendly discussion and debate on Twitter about a new web site called W3Fools. The site bills itself as a &quot;W3Schools intervention&quot;, and the purpose is to wake developers up to the fact that W3School tutorials can, and do, have errors. The problem with a...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://sheldonfreeassociation.blogspot.com/2011/01/take-it-to-limit.html?showComment=1294502769776#c69564467185806158">The state begins in robbery; some patterns of robb... Gary Chartier, <cite>Comments on Free Association: Take It to the Limit</cite> (2011-01-08)</a>. <q>The state begins in robbery; some patterns of robbery are doubtless spontaneously ordered, but surely others are planned by groups of robbers.Once the state has been established and mechanisms for obtaining power have been regularized, it will surely be unsurprising if people who do obtain power are people who like...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/id.3489,y.0,no.,content.true,page.1,css.print/issue.aspx">The Semicolon Wars » American Scientist. <cite>www.americanscientist.org</cite> (2011-01-16)</a>. <q>I mock the pettiness of these squabbles—and I believe some of them deserve mocking—and yet I don't want to give the impression that only cosmetic issues are in dispute, or that programming languages are really all alike under the skin. On the contrary, what's most fascinating about programming languages is...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>
<li><p><a href="http://decafbad.com/blog/2010/12/19/let-a-million-bookmarks-bloom">Let a million bookmarks bloom. l.m.orchard, <cite>0xDECAFBAD</cite> (2010-12-19)</a>. <q>TL;DR: Don’t depend on Delicious; host your own, pay for it elsewhere, or hope for the best. Use real-time feeds to stitch the bookmarking diaspora back together into topical aggregate indexes. In the last entry, I wrote about why my use of Delicious has dropped over time, and what I’ve...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2011-01-16.)</em></p></li>

Monday Lazy Linking

    <ul>
<li><a href="http://reason.com/blog/2010/03/05/operation-revelation">Operation Revelation. Jesse Walker, <cite>Jesse Walker: Reason Magazine articles and blog posts.</cite> (2010-03-05)</a>. <q>Here&#39;s the intro to a press release from the sheriff of Bossier Parish, Louisiana: Bossier Sheriff Larry Deen has unveiled a new emergency operations plan that will be a continuation of public safety in Bossier Parish should disaster ever strike here at home. The plan, known as Operation Exodus, will...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Friday 2010-03-05.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://www.zephoria.org/thoughts/archives/2010/02/21/chatroulette-from-my-perspective.html">apophenia » Blog Archive » ChatRoulette, from my perspective. <cite>www.zephoria.org</cite> (2010-03-06)</a>. ". . . I love the way that it mixes things up. For most users of all ages – but especially teens – the Internet today is about socializing with people you already know. But I used to love the randomness of the Internet. I can’t tell you how formative it was for me to grow up talking to all sorts of random people online. So I feel pretty depressed every time I watch people flip out about the dangers of talking to strangers. Strangers helped me become who I was. Strangers taught me about a different world than what I knew in my small town. Strangers allowed me to see from a different perspective. Strangers introduced me to academia, gender theory, Ivy League colleges, the politics of war, etc. So I hate how we vilify all strangers as inherently bad. Did I meet some sketchballs on the Internet when I was a teen? DEFINITELY. They were weird; I moved on. And it used to be a lot harder to move on when everything was attached to an email that was paid for. So I actually think that the ChatRoulette version allows you to move on with greater ease, less guilt, and far more comfortably." <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Saturday 2010-03-06.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://libertarian-labyrinth.blogspot.com/2010/03/two-gun-mutualism-and-golden-rule-part.html">Two-Gun Mutualism and the Golden Rule - Part 3. Shawn P. Wilbur, <cite>Out of the Libertarian Labyrinth</cite> (2010-03-03)</a>. <q>“TWO-GUN” MUTUALISMand theGOLDEN RULE[continued] ARMED AND DANGEROUS Perhaps this has all taken a strangely martial turn, given mutualism’s generally peaceful reputation. Isn’t the core of mutualism the Golden Rule: “Do unto others as you would have others do unto you?” Yes, indeed. But there’s nothing simple about fulfilling the Golden Rule. The...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Saturday 2010-03-06.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://reason.com/blog/2010/03/07/raspberry-clich">Raspberry Cliché Jesse Walker, <cite>Jesse Walker: Reason Magazine articles and blog posts.</cite> (2010-03-07)</a>. <q>Last night Hollywood held its most rigidly predictable exercise in conventional wisdom: the Golden Raspberry Awards, a.k.a. the Razzies, established to honor the worst films of the year. Sandra Bullock showed up to collect her Worst Actress and Worst Screen Couple prizes for All About Steve, then razzed the crowd...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Sunday 2010-03-07.)</em></li>

Monday Lazy Linking

    <ul>
<li><a href="http://tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com/2010/02/ex-new_orleans_cop_pleads_guilty_to_cover_up_in_po.php">Ex-New Orleans Cop Pleads Guilty To Massive Cover Up In Post-Katrina Shootings | TPMMuckraker. <cite>tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com</cite> (2010-02-26)</a>. "A veteran New Orleans police officer pleaded guilty yesterday to orchestrating an elaborate cover-up of a shooting in the days after Katrina in which police gunned down six unarmed city residents, killing two and seriously wounding four. ..." <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Friday 2010-02-26.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://reason.com/blog/2010/02/25/cutting-up-your-credit-cards">Cutting Up Your Credit Cards. Jesse Walker, <cite>Jesse Walker: Reason Magazine articles and blog posts.</cite> (2010-02-25)</a>. <q>&quot;The banks and credit card companies have spent 50 years building a proprietary, locked-down system that handles roughly $2 trillion in credit card transactions and another $1.3 trillion in debit card transactions every year,&quot; Daniel Roth writes in Wired. But now &quot;an army of engineers and entrepreneurs is rushing in,...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Friday 2010-02-26.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://www.thefreemanonline.org/featured/health-care-and-radical-monopoly/">Health Care and Radical Monopoly | The Freeman | Ideas On Liberty. <cite>Google Alerts - http://www.thefreemanonline.org/featured/scratching-by-how-government-creates-poverty-as-we-know-it/</cite> (2010-02-24)</a>. <q>The Freeman Online. Published by the Foundation for Economic Education .... in “ Scratching By: How the Government Creates Poverty as We Know It” (The ...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Saturday 2010-02-27.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://libertarian-labyrinth.blogspot.com/2010/02/two-gun-mutualism-part-1.html">&quot;Two-Gun&quot; Mutualism? - Part 1. Shawn P. Wilbur, <cite>Out of the Libertarian Labyrinth</cite> (2010-02-27)</a>. <q>“TWO-GUN” MUTUALISMand theGOLDEN RULEThus one remains in perplexity and uncertainty, equally attracted and repulsed by two opposite attractors. Yes, the sympathies of our era are equally lively, equally energetic, whether it is a question of liberty or equality, of individuality or association. The faith in society is complete, but the...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Saturday 2010-02-27.)</em></li>
<li><a href="http://libertarian-labyrinth.blogspot.com/2010/02/two-gun-mutualism-part-2.html">Two-Gun Mutualism? - Part 2. Shawn P. Wilbur, <cite>Out of the Libertarian Labyrinth</cite> (2010-02-27)</a>. <q>“TWO-GUN” MUTUALISMand theGOLDEN RULE[continued]INDIVIDUALISM vs SOCIALISMIt is clear that, in all of this writing, it is necessary to understand by socialism, socialism as we define it in this work itself, which is as the exaggeration of the idea of association, or of society. For a number of years, we have...</q> <em style="font-size: smaller">(Linked Saturday 2010-02-27.)</em></li>

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